This cadre of incredible graduate students is examining applied and conceptual issues in ecology, restoration, and biodiversity conservation.
- Jen Balachowski (co-advised with Kevin Rice)Studies the ecological and evolutionary responses of native grasses to climate change, particularly in the context of ecotype performance for restoration projects ("Restoring for the Future"). Jen is an NSF IGERT fellow, and just returned from a Fulbright Fellowship in Montpellier, France, where she explored the ecophysiology of summer dormancy in California and Mediterranean grasses.
- Duncan Kimuyu is studying the effects of livestock and fire on wildlife in Kenya. He is currently the project manager of the Kenya Long-term Exclosure Experiment (KLEE). He teaches at Karatina University while finishing his Ph.D. through the University of Nairobi.
- Kelly Gravuer (co-advised with Kate Scow): "I seek to understand potential impacts of climate change on ecosystem functions of California grasslands by improving our knowledge of plant and soil microbial community ecology. I am specifically interested in the role of species turnover (local colonization and loss of species) and ecological context in shaping community responses. Broad questions under investigation include: (1) If climate change decouples currently co-occurring plants and microbes, how might ecosystem functions be affected? (2) Do plant and microbial community responses to interacting global changes have qualitatively similar magnitude and direction? (3) Are there cases in which microbial dispersal limitation may constrain adaptation of ecosystem function to climate change? I hope to apply these findings to management strategies for the maintenance of desired ecosystem functions as climate changes." Kelly is an NSF IGERT fellow and and EPA STAR fellow.
- Derek Young "I am working to understand how climate change will impact California forests. Will species be able to migrate or adapt fast enough to keep pace with changes in climate? How much change can they tolerate if they don’t adapt or migrate? Is it possible to predict the winners and losers?I apply principles from disciplines including biogeography, landscape ecology, community ecology, and ecological genetics." Derek is an NSF Graduate Research Fellow and an NSF IGERT fellow.
- Laura Morales (co-advised with Richard Evans) is studying the Polylepis forests of alpine Andes in Peru and Chile for her doctorate, particualrly in the context of how fire and livestock affect both natural regeneration and active restoration of Polylepis. Laura is an NSF Graduate Research Fellow.
- Steve Fick is interested in population and community processes in restoration, and ahs been carrying out restoration research in Canyonlands National Park in Utah. He is also doing large-scale spatial analyses of several restoration and conservation-related datasets.
- Kristina Wolf "I am interested in restoring healthy soil and plant communities in semi-arid and arid climates via various methods, including livestock grazing. I am particularly interested in whole systems of ranch management that focus on grazing livestock while keeping the restoration or conservation of ecosystem functions in mind. My specific research interests range from the effects of different grazing regimes on soil health and plant community composition, to economically viable restoration and conservation methods that are feasible on a large landscape scale."
- Grace Charles "I am broadly interested in understanding the dynamics and drivers of savanna plant community ecology. Much of my work so far has looked at the potential impacts of large mammal extinction on plant communities. I conduct research within the Kenya Long-term Exclosure Experiment (KLEE), as well as the Ungulate Herbivory Under Rainfall Uncertainty (UHURU) project at Mpala Research Centre in central Kenya. More recently, I have been studying how two keystone species, elephants and termites, interact to influence changes in savanna structure." Grace is an NSF Graduate Research Fellow.
- Chhaya Werner (co-advised with Susan Harrison) In addition to other research projects (see her web page), Chhaya studies "the role of weather patterns and competition on forest regeneration post-wildfire, questions that become increasingly urgent in the face of the current California drought. I combine approaches on multiple spatial and temporal scales, including statistical analysis of a large observational dataset, controlled manipulative experiments, and computational modeling from remote sensing images."
Past students (UC Davis, unless otherwise noted):
- Kevin Welch (co-advised with Hugh Safford) is studying the landscape characteristics of post-fire pine and oak regeneration California, with grants he developed with the U.S. Forest Service. Surveying hundreds of plots in dozens of fires, he has determined the key correlates of post-fire forest regeneration dynamics.
- Emily Peffer Zefferman "I am interested in how stream and riparian restoration may affect submersed aquatic plant communities. I have conducted studies on the influence of different levels of instream shade, which can be altered through the removal or re-planting of overstory riparian vegetation through restoration activities, influences the initial establishment of propagules of a native and an invasive submersed plant species (common elodea and Eurasian watermilfoil, respectively). I am also monitoring the reestablishment and succession of aquatic plant communities following a stream channel realignment project on Putah Creek in Winters, CA, and have conducted observational studies linking environmental factors (e.g., flow, light, substrate) with submersed plant species distributions." Emily was a member of the Conservation Management Program. She is currently a post-doc at the University of Tennesee.
- Marit Wilkerson (Ph.D 2013) "My main dissertation research examined invasive plant patterns in conservation linkages or corridors, using small and larger-scale projects that examine how characteristics of the matrix (i.e. the land surrounding the focal linkages) and the linkage itself may interact with the dispersal ecology of these invasive plants to produce spatially-distinct distribution patterns. I also studied forb restoration in the Central Valley and indirect influences of wildlife and cattle herbivory on key pollinators in Kenya. My more applied work included conservation-oriented projects including examining State Wildlife Action Plans with respect to wildlife connectivity conservation, assessing species and area vulnerability to climate change in Oregon’s Willamette Valley, and preparing a peer-reviewed guide for graduate students on necessary skill sets for non-academic conservation careers." Marit was an NSF Graduate Research Fellow, and a member of the Conservation Management Program. She is currently an AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellow in Washington, D.C., working with USAID. Marit's website.
- Starry Sprenkle (Ph.D 2013) (co-advised with Kevin Rice) has initiated and continues to work with grass-roots agroforestry projects in Haiti, and is interested in the interface between ecology, environmental restoration, and sustainable development in the developing world. Starry was an NSF Graduate Research Fellow. She is currently Deputy Director of Programs at J/P Haitian Relief Organization.
- Lauren McGeoch Porensky (Ph.D. 2012) "I link landscape and community ecology with conservation and restoration in rangelands, savannas and grasslands. Most of my work focuses on spatial patterns associated with plant and large herbivore communities. I am especially interested in finding conservation and restoration solutions for multi-use and human-dominated landscapes." Lauren was an NSF Graduate Research Fellow. Lauren is currently an ARS Ecologist for USDA in Fort Collins, CO.
- Kurt Vaughn (Ph.D. 2011) was the Restoration Manager for California Audubon. He also ran the Restoration Practicum for the University of California, Davis.
- Corinna Riginos (Ph.D. 2008) studies of tree-understory interactions in Kenya; in particular, how these interactions are affected by herbivory and stand structure, with an emphasis on the management, restoration, and monitoring of rangeland health. She was the author and Project Leader of a USAID-funded research program on how cost-effective restoration can be a part of pastoral response to climate change in Africa. Corinna was an NSF Graduate Research Fellow. Her most recent position was as Research Ecologist at the Conservation Research Center, Teton Science Schools, Jackson, WY. Corinna is a co-PI of the current NSF-funded KLEE grant.
- Kari Veblen (Ph.D. 2008) is studying the causes and consequences of anthropogenic landscape heterogeneity in Kenya, and rangeland management and restoration in the western U.S. Kari was an NSF Graduate Research Fellow. Kari is now an Assistant Professor at Utah State University, and a co-PI of the current NSF-funded KLEE grant.
- Jeffrey Clary (Ph.D. 2006) studied the relationship between annual and perennial plants in a restoration context, doing biogeographic and greenhouse studies in Catalonia and California. Jeffrey was an NSF Graduate Research Fellow. He has returned to work for the UC Davis Natural Reserve System after a stint in Switzerland at the Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center.
- Mikaela Huntzinger (Ph.D. 2005) studied the interactions between herbivores of very different body sizes, as they relate to biodiversity conservation, in Kenya and California. She was Academic Developer and Teaching Consultant in the Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning at UC Davis for many years, and is now a private consultant.
- Megan Lulow (Ph.D. 2004) studied grassland restoration in California, particularly the importance of priority effects in community organization. Megan is currently the Senior Field Ecologist at the Irvine Ranch Conservancy.
- Michelle Gadd (Ph.D. 2003) studied the relationship between elephants and livestock on the land they share in Kenya and southern Africa. Most elephants occur outside of national parks, but her research was unique in examining the compatibility of pastoralists and elephants. Michelle is Africa Program Officer for the International Conservation Program of the USFWS.
- Todd Palmer (Ph.D. 2001) is the prime mover of the ongoing acacia ant study, begun in 1998. This project has explored how spatial variation in community structure is influenced by interactions between tree ontogeny, local nutrient conditions, and the competitive abilities of different ant species. His work has expanded to include other aspects of ant-acacia mutualisms, and savanna ecology in general. Todd is now an Associate Professor at the University of Florida.
- Linde Ostro (Ph.D. 1998, Fordham University) studied the ecology of reintroduced howler monkeys in Belize. Despite the prevalence of reintroduction as a species restoration technique, this study is one of the first to detail the ways in which reintroduced animals establish themselves in novel environments. Linde is Director of Foundation Relations for the Wildlife Conservation Society in New York.
- Faith Kostel-Hughes (Ph.D. 1995, Fordham University) has studied the interactions between leaf litter and forest seed banks along an urban-rural gradient, demonstrating dramatic and hitherto unrecognized changes in litter quantity and quality associated with urbanization, with important consequences for forest restoration. Faith is Director of Environmental Studies and Associate Professor of Biology at the College of New Rochelle.
- Wilfred Odadi (M.Sc., Moi University, 2005, Ph.D., Edgerton University, 2010) has been studying the ecology of livestock in the context of competition with native wildlife. He did postdoctoral research at Princeton University on improving rangeland practices in Kenya, and recently was awarded a NatureNet Science Fellowship at The Nature Conservancy. He is currently on the faculty at Egerton University
- Katherine Holmes (Ph.D. 2008, Advisor: Berry) studied the effects of invasive figs and their removal in Central Valley habitats. With Kari Veblen and Truman Young, she also studied the efffects of controlled burns on the survival of plants oaks and perennial grasses. She is currently the Restoration Projects Manager for the Solano County Resource Conservation District.
- Ryan Sensenig (Ph.D., 2007, Advisors: Laca & Demment) studied the ecology of fire in East Africa, particularly with respect to large mammals on the landscape scale. He is now an Associate Professor and Department Chair at Goshen College.
- Bell Okello (Ph.D. 2007, University of Natal) examined the population biology of Acacia drepanolobium, the dominant tree species at the KLEE study site in Kenya, in the context of conservation, restoration, management, and use. Bell is the Gender, Agricultural and Rural Development Specialist for the International Center for Research on Women, in Nairobi, Kenya.
- Simon Kuria Kamande (Ph.D., 2006, Rhodes University) studied the invertebrate fauna of Acacia drepanolobium, and how it is affected by the species of ant occupant and exposure to different herbivores. He is currently a Lecturer in the Department of Botany at Walter Sisulu University in South Africa
- Charles Warui (Ph.D. 2005, Rhodes University, South Africa) studied how invertebrates, especially spiders, may be indicators of the environmental health of East African savannas across a range of land uses. He worked for mny years at the National Museums of Kenya. He is now Dean of the School of Pure and Applied Sciences at Mount Kenya University.
- David Kinyua (dnf, University of Nairobi) studied the effects of different manipulations on rangeland plant communities, with some exciting results on techniques to effectively revegetate severely degraded landscapes. David works for USAID in Nairobi, and also heads his own consulting firm, NAREDA.
- Mila Dunbar-Irwin (M.Sc. 2014) (co-advised with Hugh Safford) compared stand stucture of conifer forests in California (with a long history of fire suppression) and Baja (where there has been far less fire suppression), and studied agricultural ecology in Central America.
- Alex Palmerlee (M.Sc., 2007) examined the cost-effectiveness of multiple restoration techniques for woody species in rangeland and riparian sites. He was the Manager of the Audubon Bobcat Ranch, and conservation/restoration area in Yolo County, California, and now splits his time between northern California and New Orleans.
- Tracy Erwin (M.Sc., 2007) examined recruitment limits to restoration in endangered Hawaiian trees.
- Mia Ingolia (M.Sc., 2006) examined the germination ecology of a threatened plant, the Tahoe Yellow Cress. Mia, formerly the Curator and GIS Manager at the UC Davis Arboretum and Public Garden, is a biologist/botanist at the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission. Mia guides Habitat Conservation work on the 63,000 acres of SFPUC lands, including Hetch Hetchy, and helps develop the SFPUC East Bay Watershed Interpretation Center's 3-acre garden and native plant nursery.
- Susan Infalt (M.Sc, 2006) studied the restoration of degraded, abandoned campsites in King's Canyon National Park. She currently works as a staff scientist for Garcia and Associates.
- Debbie Petersen (M.Sc. 2005) examined grassland restoration in California ecosystems where native annuals predominate, and in particular the beneficial effects of reseeding after fire. She is currently an Instructor at Las Positas College, and consulting restoration ecologist.
- Russell Huddleston (M.Sc., 2001) explored different soil modifications and planting techniques as they affected the restoration of grasslands in a vernal pool ecosystem in Oregon. Russ is a staff scientist for the environmental firm E2 in Sacramento.
- Ryan Deering (M.Sc., 2001) examined the potential for seed priming to shift the competitive balance between exotic annuals and native perennials in California grasslands. Ryan is the GATEways Horticulturist at the UC Davis Arboretum.
- Diana Hershey (M.Sc., 1999) carried out a study of the effects of soil substrate and plant provenance on ecological restoration along Cache Creek, California. Diana is a Planner for the County of Mendocino.
- Vanessa Ndoo (M.Sc. 2012, University of Nairobi) studied dung deposition and decomposition rates in Laikipia rangeland. She is currently a Project Officer for BirdLife International.
- Antony Kirigia (M.Sc. 2009, University of Nairobi) studied the economic and ecological consequences of manure exports from degraded rangelands. He now he works for Farm Concern International in Nairobi.
- Isaac Kimathi (M.Sc. 2008, University of Nairobi) examined the effects of fire on primary productivity in Laikipia grasslands. Isaac is a Deputy Research Manager for the Kenya Union for Savings and Credit Cooperatives, Ltd (KUSCCO).
- Silvanos Otieno (M.Sc. 2005, University of Nairobi) studied the effects of herbivory by different guilds of large mammals in Kenya on the productivity and standing biomass of a savanna ecosystem. Until his death, he worked as Coordinator for the Mikinduri Children of Hope Foundation.
- Wilfred Odadi (M.Sc. 2003, Moi University) studied the foraging ecology of cattle in Kenya, and how it is influenced by competition with native wildlife. He went on to earn a doctorate with KLEE at Egerton University, Kenya (see above).
- John Mugo Kagori (M.Sc. 1999, University of Nairobi) studied the ecology of nitrogen fixation in Acacia drepanolobium. He currently teaches in Nairobi.