Peer-Reviewed Journals

Articles from Mpala/Segera

These articles are in chronological order.   Publications with an asterisk (*) represent broader publications that are not direct reports of research at Mpala/Segera, but include or are based in some way on such research.   Those with a dagger (†) are publications from Lynne Isbell's PAVE Project on adjacent Segera Ranch, which was initially hosted by Mpala (1992-1995), and from Rynne Palombit's baboon research on Segera. Some of the other publications listed here include research on properties other than Mpala, but based at MRC.

  1. Young, T.P., N. Patridge & A. Macrae. 1995.   Long-term glades in acacia bushland and their edge effects in Laikipia, Kenya.   Ecological Applications 5:97-108. pdf
  2. Young, T.P. 1995.   Landscape mosaics created by canopy gaps, forest edges, and bushland glades.   Selbyana 16:127-134.
  3. †*Isbell, L.A. & D. Van Vuren. 1996.   Differential costs of social and locational dispersal and their consequences for female group-living primates. Behaviour 113:1-36.
  4. *McNaughton S. J., N. R. H. Stronach, & N.   J. Georgiadis. 1997.   Combustion in natural fires and global emissions budgets.   Ecological Applications 8:464-468.
  5. Young, T.P., C.H. Stubblefield & L.A. Isbell. 1997.   Ants on swollen-thorn acacias: species coexistence in a simple system.   Oecologia 109:98-107. pdf
  6. Keesing, F. 1998.   Impacts of ungulates on the demography and diversity of small mammals in central Kenya.   Oecologia 116:381-389. pdf
  7. Young, T.P. & B.D. Okello. 1998. Relaxation of an induced defense after exclusion of herbivores: spines on Acacia drepanolobium.   Oecologia 115:508-513. pdf
  8. Keesing, F. 1998.   Ecology and behavior of the pouched mouse, Saccostomys mearnsi, in central Kenya. Journal of Mammalogy 79:919-931.
  9. Young, T.P., B.D. Okello, D. Kinyua & T.M Palmer. 1998.   KLEE: the Kenya long-term exclosure experiment. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 14:94-102. pdf
  10. †Isbell, L.A. 1998. Diet for a small primate: insectivory and gummivory in the (large) patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas).   American Journal of Primatology 45:381-398.
  11. †Isbell, L.A., J. Pruetz, M. Lewis & T.P. Young.   1998.   Locomotor activity differences between sympatric vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops ) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas): implications for the evolution of hind limb length in Homo . American Journal of Physical Anthropology 105:199-207. pdf
  12. †Isbell, L.A., J.D. Pruetz & T.P. Young. 1998.   Movements of vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas ) as estimators of resource size, density, and distribution.   Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 42:123-133. pdf
  13. †Isbell, L.A. & J. Pruetz. 1998. Differences between vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in agonistic interactions between adult females.   International Journal of Primatology 19:837-855.
  14. †Isbell, L.A., J.D. Pruetz, B.M. Nzuma BM, et al. 1999. Comparing measures of travel distances in primates: Methodological considerations and socioecological implications.   American Journal of Primatology 48:87-98. pdf
  15. *Young, T.P. 1999. Restoration ecology and conservation biology. Biological Conservation 92:73-93 pdf
  16. Stanton, M.L., T.M. Palmer, T.P. Young, A. Evans & M.L. Turner. 1999.   Sterilization and canopy modification of a swollen thorn acacia by a plant-ant.   Nature 401:578-580. pdf
  17. †Isbell, L.A., J.D. Pruetz, M. Lewis, & T.P. Young 1999. Rank differences in ecological behavior: a comparative study of patas monkeys and vervets. Internatl J Primatol 20: 257-272. pdf
  18. *Greenwood, A.D., C. Capelli, G. Possnert, & S. Paabo. 1999.   Nuclear DNA sequences from Late Pleistocene megafauna. Molec. Biol. Evol . 16:1466-1473.
  19. Palmer, T.M., T.P. Young & M.L. Stanton. 2000.   Short-term dynamics of an acacia ant community.   Oecologia 123:425-435. pdf
  20. Ezzati, M., B.M. Mbinda & D.M. Kammen. 2000.   Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya.   Environmental Science and Technology 34:578-583.
  21. Ezzati, M., H. Saleh & D.M. Kammen. 2000. The contributions of emission and spatial microenvironments to exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya.   Environmental Health Perspectives 108:833-839.
  22. †Pruetz, J.D. & L.A. Isbell. 2000. Correlations of food distribution and patch size with agonistic interactions in female vervets (Chlorocebus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) living in simple habitats. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 49:38-47.
  23. Okello, D.N. & T.P. Young. 2000.   Effects of fire, bruchid beetles and soil type on the germination and seedling establishment of Acacia drepanolobium.   African Journal of Range and Forage Science 17:46-51. pdf
  24. *Roca, A., N. Georgiadis, J. Slattery & S. O'Brien. 2001. Genetic evidence for two species of elephant in Africa. Science 293: 1473-1477.
  25. *Vogel, G. 2001. African elephant species splits in two.   News of the Week. Science 293:1414
  26. Ezzati, M. & D.M. Kammen. 2001.   Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion and acute respiratory infections in Kenya: an exposure-response study.   Lancet 358:619-624.   [See also Lancet 358:1104-1104 (2001)]
  27. Ezzati, M. & D.M. Kammen. 2001. Quantifying the effects of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on acute respiratory infections in developing countries. Environ Health Persp 109:481-488.
  28. Frank, L.G. & R. Woodroffe. 2001.   Behavior of carnivores in exploited and controlled populations.   Pp. 419-442 in: Carnivore Conservation: Proc. Symp. Zool. Soc. London.   Ed: D. McDonald, R.K. Wayne & S. Funk.
  29. Khaemba, W.M., A. Stein, D. Rasch, J. De Leeuw & N. Georgiadis. 2001. Empirically simulated study to compare and validate sampling methods used in aerial surveys of wildlife populations.   African Journal of Ecology 39:374-382.
  30. †Garraffo, H.M., T.F. Spande, P. Jain, T. Kaneko, T.H. Jones, M.S. Blum, T.M. Ali, R.R. Snelling, L.A. Isbell, H.G. Robertson, J.W. Daly. 2001. Ammonia chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry in structural determination of alkaloids. II. Tetraponerines from pseudomyrmecine ants. Rapid Commun Mass SP 15:1409-1415.
  31. †Carlson, A.A. & Isbell, L.A. 2001. Causes and consequences of single-male and multimale mating in free-ranging patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas. Animal Behaviour 62:1047-1058.
  32. Gadd, M.E., T.P. Young & T.M. Palmer. 2001. Effects of simulated shoot and leaf herbivory in Acacia drepanolobium. Oikos 92:515-521. pdf
  33. Okello, D.N., T.G. O'Connor & T.P. Young. 2001.Growth, biomass estimates, and charcoal production of Acacia drepanolobium in Laikipia, Kenya. Forest Ecology and Management 142:143-153. pdf
  34. Metz M.R. & F. Keesing. 2001. Dietary choices of the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. Biotropica 33: 182-187.
  35. Keesing, F. & T. Crawford. 2001. Impacts of density and large mammals on space use by the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. Journal of Tropical Ecology 17:465-472.
  36. Stanton, M.L, T.M. Palmer, & T.P. Young. 2002. Tradeoffs between competition and colonization at two stages of colony development within a guild of African acacia-ants.   Ecological Monographs 72:347-363. pdf
  37. *Comstock, K., N. Georgiadis, J. Pecon-Slattery, A. Roca, E. A. Ostrander, S. J. O'Brien & S. K. Wasser. 2002.   Patterns of molecular genetic variation among African elephant populations. Molecular Ecology 11:2489-2498.
  38. Ward, D. & T.P. Young. 2002. Effects of large mammalian herbivores and ant symbionts on condensed tannins of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. Journal of Chemical Ecology 28:913-929. pdf
  39. †*Isbell, L.A. & T.P. Young. 2002. Ecological models of female social relationships in primates: similarities, disparities, and some directions for future clarity. Behaviour 139:177-202. pdf
  40. †Enstam KL, Isbell LA & De Maar TW. 2002.   Male demography, female mating behavior, and infanticide in wild patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas). International Journal of Primatology 23:85-104.
  41. †Isbell, L.A. & K.L. Enstam. 2002. Predator-(in)sensitive foraging in sympatric vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas): a test of ecological models of group dispersion. In: Eat or Be Eaten: Predation-Sensitive Foraging in Primates (L.E. Miller, ed.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 154-168.
  42. †Enstam, K.L. & L.A. Isbell.   2002.   Comparison of responses to alarm calls by patas (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys in relation to habitat structure.   American Journal of Physical Anthropology 119:3-14.
  43. Wood, W.F., T.M. Palmer & M.L. Stanton. 2002.   A comparison of volatiles in mandibular glands from three Crematogaster ant symbionts of the whistling thorn acacia.   Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 30:217-222.
  44. Palmer, T.M., M.L. Stanton & T.P. Young. 2002. Burning bridges: Priority effects and the persistence of a competitively subordinate acacia-ant in Laikipia, Kenya.   Oecologia 133:372-379. pdf
  45. Juang, P., H. Oki, Y. Wang, M. Martonosi, L.S. Peh & D. Rubenstein. 2002. Energy-efficient computing for wildlife tracking: Design tradeoffs and early experiences with ZebraNet.   ACM SIGPLAN Notices 37:96-107.
  46. Shaw, M.T., F. Keesing, and R.S. Ostfeld. 2002. Herbivory on Acacia seedlings in an East African savanna. Oikos 98:385-392. pdf
  47. *Ezzati, M. & D.M. Kammen. 2002. Household energy, indoor air pollution and health in developing countries: Knowledge base for effective interventions.   Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 27:233-270.
  48. *Ezzati, M. & D.M. Kammen. 2002.   The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: Knowledge, gaps, and data needs.   Environmental Health Perspectives 110:1057-1068.
  49. Ezzati, M. & D.M. Kammen. 2002.   Evaluating the health benefits of transitions in household energy technologies in Kenya.   Energy Policy 30:815-826.
  50. *Vollrath, F. & I. Douglas-Hamilton. 2002.   African bees to control African elephants. Naturwissenschaften 89:508-511.
  51. Frank, L; Simpson, D; Woodroffe, R. 2003. Foot snares: an effective method for capturing African lions. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31:309-314.
  52. †Isbell, L.A., D.L. Cheney, and R.M. Seyfarth. 2002.   Why vervets live in multi-male groups. Pp. 173-188 in The Guenons: Diversity and Adaptation in African Monkeys. (M.E. Glenn and M. Cords, eds.). Kluwer Academic, New York.
  53. †Laurent, P., A. Hamdani, J.-C. Braekman, D. Daloze, L.A. Isbell. J.-C. de Biseau & J.M. Pasteels. 2003.   New 1-alk(en)yl-1,3,5-trihydroxycyclohexanes from the Dufour gland of the African ant Crematogaster nigriceps.   Tetrahedron Letters 44:1383-1386.
  54. Miller, S.E., & J.D. Lazell. 2003. A herpetological reconnaissance of Mpala Research Centre, Laikipia, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 90:103-107 ("2001").
  55. Georgiadis, N., M. Hack & K. Turpin. 2003.   The influence of rainfall on zebra population dynamics: implications for management.    Journal of Applied Ecology 40:125-136.
  56. Augustine, D.J. 2003. Long-term, livestock-mediated redistribution of nitrogen and phosphorus in an East African savanna.   Journal of Applied Ecology 40:137-149. Download pdf
  57. *Hahn, N.E., D. Proulx, P.M. Muruthi, S. Alberts & J. Altmann. 2003. Gastrointestinal parasites in free-ranging Kenyan baboons (Papio cynocephalus and P. anubis).   International Journal of Primatology 24: 271-279.
  58. Young, T.P., M.L. Stanton & C. Christian. 2003. Effects of natural and artificial herbivory on spine lengths in Acacia drepanolobium.   Oikos 101:171-179. pdf
  59. Bailis R., M. Ezzati, & D.M. Kammen. 2003.   Greenhouse gas implications of household energy technology in Kenya. Environ Sci Technol 37:2051-2059.
  60. Palmer, T.M. 2003. Spatial habitat heterogeneity influences competition and coexistence in an African acacia ant guild.   Ecology 84:2843-2855.
  61. Palmer, T.M, M.L. Stanton, & T.P. Young. 2003. Competition and coexistence: exploring mechanisms that restrict   and maintain diversity within mutualist guilds.   American Naturalist 72:347-363. pdf
  62. Augustine, D.J. 2003. Spatial heterogeneity in the herbaceous layer of a semi-arid savanna ecosystem. Plant Ecology 167:319-332. Download pdf
  63. *Stone, G.N., N.E. Raine, P. Prescott & P.G. Willmer. 2003. The pollination ecology of Acacia. Australian Systematic Botany 16:103-118.
  64. Augustine, D.J., S.J. McNaughton & D.A. Frank. 2003.  Feedbacks between soil nutrients and large herbivores in a managed savanna ecosystem. Ecological Applications 13:1325-1337. Download pdf
  65. Ezenwa, V.O. 2003. Habitat overlap and gastrointestinal parasitism in African bovids. Parasitology 126: 379-388.
  66. Ogada, M.O., R. Woodroffe, N.O. Oguge & L. Frank. 2003.   Limiting depredation by African carnivores: the role of livestock husbandry.   Conservation Biology 17:1521-1530.
  67. Ezenwa, V.O. 2003. The effects of time of day on the prevalence of coccidian oocysts in antelope faecal samples. African Journal of Ecology 41: 192-193.
  68. *Co, J.E., T.H. Jones, A. Hefetz, A. Tinaut & R.R. Snelling. 2003.   The comparative exocrine chemistry of nine Old World species of Messor (Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Biochemical System. & Ecology 31:367-373.
  69. *Jones, T.H., V.E. Zottig, H.G. Robertson & R.R. Snelling. 2003.   The venom alkaloids from some African Monomorium species. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29:2721-2727.
  70. Augustine, D.J. & S.J. McNaughton. 2004.   Regulation of shrub dynamics by native browsing ungulates on East African rangeland.   Journal of Applied Ecology 41:45-58. Download pdf
  71. Huntzinger, P.M., R. Karban, T.P. Young & T.M. Palmer. 2004.   Relaxation of induced indirect defenses of acacias following removal of mammalian herbivores.   Ecology 85:609-614. pdf
  72. †*Isbell, L.A. 2004.   Is there no place like home?   Ecological bases of dispersal in primates and their consequences for the formation of kin groups.   Pp. 71-108 in Kinship and Behavior in Primates (B. Chapais and C. Berman, eds.). Oxford University Press.
  73. Liu, T., C.M. Sadler, P. Zhang and M. Martonosi. 2004.   Implementing Software on Resource-Constrained Mobile Sensors: Experiences with Impala and ZebraNet. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services : 256-269.
  74. *Downie, D.A. and P.J. Gullan. 2004.   Phylogenetic analysis of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae) based on DNA sequences from three nuclear genes, and a review of the higher classification. Systematic Entomology 29:238-
  75. Sankaran, M. & D. Augustine. 2004.   Large herbivores suppress decomposer abundance in a semi-arid grazing ecosystem.   Ecology 85:1052-1061. Download pdf
  76. Ezenwa, V.O. 2004.   Parasite infection rates of impala (Aepyceros melampus) in fenced game reserves in relation to reserve characteristics.   Biological Conservation 118:397-401 .
  77. Ezenwa, V.O. 2004.   Selective defecation and selective foraging: antiparasite behavior in wild ungulates? Ethology 110:851-862. pdf
  78. Ezenwa, V.O. 2004. Interactions among host diet, nutritional status and gastrointestinal parasite infection in wild bovids. International Journal of Parasitology 34, 535-542.
  79. Goheen J.R., F. Keesing, B.F. Allan, et al. 2004.   Net effects of large mammals on Acacia seedling survival in an African savanna.   Ecology 85:1555-1561.   pdf
  80. Ezenwa, V.O. 2004 Host social behavior and parasitic infection: a multifactorial approach. Behavioural Ecolology 15: 446-454.
  81. Palmer, T.M. 2004.   Wars of attrition: colony size determines competitive outcomes in a guild of African acacia-ants.   Animal Behavior 68:993-1004. pdf
  82. *Young, T.P. 2004. Fire-induced reproduction of Festuca pilgeri in the subalpine zone of Mount Kenya.   African Journal of Ecology 42:235-236. pdf
  83. Warui, C.M., M.H. Villet, & T.P. Young. 2004. Spiders (Araneae) from black cotton soils of a highland savanna in Laikipia, central Kenya. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 1:9-20. pdf
  84. Augustine, D.J. & S.J. McNaughton. 2004.   Temporal asynchrony in soil nutrient dynamics and plant production in a semiarid ecosystem. Ecosystems 7 (8): 829-840. Download pdf
  85. Augustine, D.J. 2004.   Influence of cattle management on habitat selection by impala on central Kenyan rangeland.   Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 916-923. Download pdf
  86. Young, T.P., T.M. Palmer & M.E. Gadd. 2005. Response of zebras to the local exclusion of cattle and elephants in a semi-arid range land in Laikipia, Kenya. Biological Conservation 122:351-359. pdf
  87. *Bailis, R., M. Ezzati & D.M. Kammen. 2005. Mortality and greenhouse gas impacts of biomass and petroleum energy futures in Africa. Science 308: 98-103.
  88. Gadd, M.E. 2005. Conservation outside of parks: attitudes of local people in Laikipia, Kenya. Environmental Conservation 32:50-63. pdf
  89. Woodroffe R., P.A. Lindsey, S.S. Romanach, A. Stein & S.M.K. ole Ranah. 2005. Livestock predation by endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in northern Kenya. Biological Conservation 124:225-234.
  90. Woodroffe, R. & L. G. Frank. 2005. Lethal control of African lions (Panthera leo): local and regional population impacts. Environmental Conservation 8:91-98.
  91. Frank, LG; Woodroffe, R; Ogada, MO. 2005. People and predators in Laikipia District, Kenya. People and Wildlife: Conflict or Co-existence? 9:286-304.
  92. Otero-Arnaiz, A., A. Schnabel, T.C. Glenn, N.A. Schable, C. Hagen, & L. Ndong. 2005.   Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the East African tree, Acacia brevispica (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae).   Molecular Ecology Notes 5:366-368.
  93. Zavala, M.A & R.M. Holdo. 2005.   Delayed effects of fire on habitat use by large herbivores in Acacia drepanolobium savanna.  African Journal of Ecology 42:155-157.
  94. *Muoria, P.K., P. Muruthi, D. Rubenstein, N.O. Oguge & E. Munene. 2005.   Cross-sectional survey of gastro-intestinal parasites of Grevy's zebras in southern Samburu, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 43:392-395.
  95. Warui, C.M., M.H. Villet, T.P. Young & R. Jocque. 2005. Influence of grazing by large mammals on the spider community of a Kenyan savanna biome. Journal of Arachnology 33:269-279. Download pdf
  96. Stanton, M.L., T.M. Palmer, & T.P. Young.  2005. Ecological barriers to early colony establishment in three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya.  Insectes Sociaux 53:393-401.
  97. Quicke, D.L.J. & M.L. Stanton. 2005.   Trigastrotheca laikipiensis sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): a new species of brood parasitic wasp that attacks foundress queens of three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 14:182-190.
  98. *Roca, A.L., N. Georgiadis & S.J. O'Brien. 2005. Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species.   Nature Genetics 37:96-100.
  99. Mcrae, S.B., S.T. Emlen, D.R. Rubenstein & S.M. Bogdanowicz. 2005. Polymorphic microsatellite loci in a plural breeder, the grey-capped social weaver ( Pseudonigrita arnaudi ), isolated with an improved enrichment protocol using fragment size-selection. Molecular Ecology Notes 5:16-20.
  100. *Douglas-Hamilton, T. Krink & F. Vollrath.   2005.   Movements and corridors of African elephants in relation to protected areas. Naturwissenschaften 92:158-163.
  101. *Young, T.P. 2006.  Declining rural economies and the future of biodiversity: missing the forest for the trees?  Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy 9:319-334. Download pdf
  102. Lovette IJ, Rubenstein DR, Watetu WN. 2006. Provisioning of fledgling conspecifics by males of the brood-parasitic cuckoos Chrysococcyx klaas and C. caprius. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118:99-101.
  103. O'Reilly L, Ogada D, Palmer TM, et al. 2006. Effects of fire on bird diversity and abundance in an East African savanna. African Journal of Ecology 44:165-170.
  104. Wood, W.F., T.M. Palmer & M.L.Stanton. 2006.  Volatiles in the mandibular gland of Tetraponera penzigi: A plant ant of the whistling thorn acacia. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 34:536-538.
  105. †*Isbell, L.A. 2006. Snakes as agents of evolutionary change in primate brains. Journal of Human Evolution 51:1-35.
  106. McCauley, D.J., F. Keesing, T.P. Young, B.F. Allan & R.M. Pringle. 2006.  Indirect effects of large herbivores on snakes in an African savanna.  Ecology 87:2657-2663. Download pdf
  107. Augustine, D.J & S.J. McNaughton. 2006.  Interactive effects of ungulate herbivores, soil fertility, and variable rainfall on ecosystem processes in a semi-arid savanna. Ecosystems 9:1242-1256.
  108. Goheen, J.R., T.P. Young, F. Keesing & T.M. Palmer. 2007  Consequences of herbivory by native ungulates for reproduction of a savanna tree. Journal of Ecology 95:129-138. Download pdf
  109. Pringle, R.M., T.P. Young, D.I. Rubenstein & D.J. McCauley.  2007. Primary productivity and the strength of herbivore-initiated interaction cascades. PNAS 104:193-97. Download pdf
  110. Odadi, W., T.P. Young, & J. Okeyo-Owuor. 2007.  The effects of wild herbivores on cattle diet in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya.  Rangeland Ecology and Management 60:179-185. Download pdf
  111. Woodroffe, R., P.A. Lindsey, S.S. Romanach, & S.M.K.O. Ranah. 2007.  African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) can subsist on small prey: Implications for conservation.  Journal of Mammalogy 88:181-193.
  112. Young, T.P. and D.J. Augustine. 2007. Intraspecific variation in the effects of large mammalian herbivores on reproduction in Acacia species in Laikipia, Kenya.  Biotropica 39:559-561. Download pdf
  113. Romanach, S.S., P.A. Lindsey & R. Woodroffe. 2007. Determinants of attitudes towards predators in central Kenya and suggestions for increasing tolerance in livestock dominated landscapes. Oryx 41:185-195.
  114. Woodroffe, R., L.G. Frank, P.A. Lindsey, S.M.K. ole Ranah, & S. Romanach. 2007. Livestock husbandry as a tool for carnivore conservation in Africa’s community rangelands: a case control study. Biodiversity and Conservation 16:1245-1260.
  115. Georgiadis, N.J., J.G.N. Olwero, G. Ojwang, & S.S. Romanach. 2007. Savanna herbivore dynamics in a livestock-dominated landscape: I. Dependence on land use, rainfall, density, and time. Biological Conservation 137:461-472. Download pdf
  116. Georgiadis, N.J., F. Ihwagi, J.G.N. Olwero & S.S. Romanach. 2007. Savanna herbivore dynamics in a livestock-dominated landscape. II: Ecological, conservation, and management implications of predator restoration. Biological Conservation 137:473-483. Download pdf
  117. Fischhoff, I.R., S.R. Sundaresan, J. & R. Rubenstein. 2007.  Habitat use and movements of plains zebra (Equus burchelli) in response to predation in danger from lions. Behavioral Ecology 18:725-729.
  118. Fischhoff IR, Sundaresan SR, Cordingley J, & D.I. Rubenstein. 2007. Social relationships and reproductive state influence leadership roles in movements of plains zebra, Equus burchelli. Animal Behaviour 73: 825-831.
  119. Sundaresan SR, Fischhoff IR, Dushoff J, & D.I. Rubenstein. 2007. Network metrics reveal differences in social organization between two fission-fusion species, Grevy's zebra and onager. Oecologia 151:140-149.
  120. Isbell, L.A. & J. Chism. Distribution and abundance of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya, 1979-2004. American Journal of Primatology 69:223-1235. Download pdf
  121. Riginos, C. & T.P. Young. 2007. Effects of grasses and wild and domestic herbivores on Acacia saplings in an East African savanna. Oecologia 153:985-995. Download pdf
  122. †Isbell, L.A. and T. P. Young. 2007. Interspecific and temporal variation in domatia contents of the ant-plant Acacia drepanolobium, a staple food for patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya.  American Journal of Primatology 69:1387-1398. Download pdf
  123. Sundaresan SR, Fischhoff IR, Rubenstein DI. 2007. Male harassment influences female movements and associations in Grevy's zebra (Equus grevyi). Behavioral Ecology 18:860-865.
  124. Rubenstein, D.R. 2007. Territory quality drives intraspecific patterns of extrapair paternity. Behavioral Ecology 18:1058-1064.
  125. Pont, C. & K.C.R. Balcock. 2007. Two new species of Muscidae (Diptera) from Kenya, associated with flowers of Acacia species (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) and Balanites species (Balanitaceae) . Journal of East African Natural History 96:83-94.
  126. Rubenstein, DR 2007. Female extrapair mate choice in a cooperative breeder: trading sex for help and increasing offspring heterozygosity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 274:1895-1903.
  127. Rubenstein, DR 2007. Stress hormones and sociality: integrating social and environmental stressors. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 274:967-975.
  128. Rubenstein, DR. 2007. Natural history miscellany - Temporal but not spatial environmental variation drives adaptive offspring sex allocation in a plural cooperative breeder. American Naturalist 170 :155-16
  129. †Enstam, K.L. 2007. Effects of habitat structure on perceived risk of predation and anti-predator behavior in vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas (Erythrocebus patas) monkeys. Pp. 308-338 in: Primate Anti-Predator Strategies. (S. Gursky and K.A.I. Nekaris, eds.). Springer, New York.
  130. †Enstam, K.L. and Isbell, L.A. 2007. The guenons (genus Cercopithecus) and their allies: Behavioral ecology of polyspecific associations. Pp. 252-274 in: Primates in Perspective (C.J. Campbell, A. Fuentes, K.C. Mackinnon, M.A. Panger, and S.K. Bearder, eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  131. Palmer, T. M. and A. K. Brody. 2008. Mutualism as reciprocal exploitation: African plant-ants defend foliar but not reproductive structures. Ecology 88:3004-3011.
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  388. González, J.B. R.H. Petipas, O. Franken, E.T. Kiers, K.E. Veblen & A.K. Brody. 2018. Herbivore removal reduces influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on plant growth and tolerance in an East African savanna. Oecologia 187:123-133.
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  393. Ruiz Guajardo J.C., A. Schnabel, B. McCallum, A. Otero Arnaiz, K.C.R. Baldock,  & G.N. Stone. 2018. Differences in pollination syndromes and the frequency of autonomous delayed selfing between co-flowering Hibiscus aponeurus (Sprague and Hutch) and H. flavifolius (Ulbr) from Kenya. Journal of Pollination Ecology 22:21-34.
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  401. Bergstrom, B.J.,  R.L. Sensenig,  D.J. Augustine  and T.P. Young. 2018. Searching for cover: soil enrichment and herbivore exclusion, not fire, enhance African savanna small-mammal abundance. Ecosphere 9:e02519.
  402. Stears, K. and D.J. McCauley. 2018. Hippopotamus dung inputs accelerate fish predation by terrestrial consumers. African Journal of Ecology 56:1034-1038.
  403. Bidner, L.R., A. MatsumotoOda, L.A. Isbell. 2018. The role of sleeping sites in the predatorprey dynamics of leopards and olive baboons. American Journal of Ecology 80:e22932.
  404. Odadi, W.O. 2018. Using heart girth to estimate live weight of heifers (Bos indicus) in pastoral rangelands of northern Kenya. Livestock Research for Rural Development 30:16.
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Early papers on genetics of baboons (live-)sampled on Mpala, Fairhall (now Mpala Centre), and Kisima, in Aug-Nov 1969:

  • Berger, M.E. 1970. Trapping and subsequent behavior of baboons in Kenya. Journal of Wildlife Management 34:817-820.
  • Buettner, J; Olivier, TJ 1970. Distribution of transferrin phenotypes in selected troops of Kenya baboons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 33:303-306.
  • Olivier, TJ; Buettner, J 1971. Distribution of carbonic anhydrase phenotypes in troops of Kenya baboons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 35: 291--.
  • Berger, M.E. 1972. Live-weights and body measurements of olive baboons (Papio anubis) in Laikipia District of Kenya. Journal of Mammalogy 53:404-407.
  • Steinberg, AG; Olivier, TJ; Buettner-Janusch, J. 1977. Gm and Inv studies on baboons, Papio cynocephalus - analysis of serum samples from Kenya, Ethiopia and south-Africa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 47:21-30
  • Ober, C; Olivier, TJ; Buettner-Janusch, J 1978. Carbonic-anhydrase heterozygosity and Fst distributions in Kenyan baboon troops. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 48:95-100.
  • Olivier, TJ; Freedman, L; Coppenhaver, D. 1979. Odontometric variation among local-populations of Kenyan olive baboons. Journal of Human Evolution 8:603-614.
  • Byles, RH; Sanders, MF; Petersen, GM, et al. 1980. A-B-O Blood groups in Kenya olive baboons (Papio anubis). Animal Blood Groups and Biochemical Genetics 11:245-249.
  • Coppenhaver, DH; Olivier, TJ. 1986. Immunoglobulin allotypes of Kenyan olive baboons - troop frequencies, linkage disequilibria, and comparisons with other studies. International Journal of Primatology 7:335-350.
  • Olivier, TJ; Coppenhaver, DH; Steinberg, AG. 1986. Distribution of immunoglobulin allotypes among local-populations of Kenya olive baboons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 70:29-38.